Archaeological excavations of Cumae

Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the Cave of the Sibyl
The arches of Jupiter's Temple
The archaeological excavations of Cumae: the view on the coast.
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
The entrance of the cave of Sibyl in Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: Holes dug in the rock.
The cave of Cumaean Sibyl
The Cave of the Sibyl of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
The way to Byzantine tower in Cumae
The Byzantine tower of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
The belvedere (viewpoint) of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
The sacred way of Cumae
Temple of Apollo of Cumae also called the lowest terrace (Terrazza inferiore)
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: Temple of Apollo
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
The Cumaen temple of Apollo
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: Temple of Apollo
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the lowest terrace
Temple of Apollo of Archaeological excavations of Cumae:
The temple of Apollo in Cumae
The lowest terrace of archaeological excavations of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the sacred way.
The sacred way to the temple of Jupiter in Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: last part of the ascent to reach the temple of Jupiter
The temple of Jupiter in Cumae, also called the upper terrace
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the temple of Jupiter
The temple of Jupiter of archaeological excavations of Cumae
The Cumaen temples of Jupiter
The temple of Jupiter in Cumae's excavation
The paleochristian tombs
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the temple of Jupiter
The baptismal font of the temple of Jupiter in Cumae
The temple of Jupiter in Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the temple of Jupiter
The Cumaean temple of Jupiter
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the temple of Jupiter
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the temple of Jupiter
The excavations of Cumae: the upper terrace
The cumaean excavations : the temple of Jupiter

The archaeological remains of ancient Cumae, a vanished civilization.

The first colony of Magna Graecia (VIII century B.C.). From the myth of the Sibyl to what remains today.

The areas to visit of the excavation of Cumae:

 

The address of archaeological excavations of Cumae

The closing time change every month. Please check the follow timetable.

With the Circumflegreo Ticket (valid 2 days) you can visit all following asites:


Tel: +39 081 804 04 30

The Acropolis of Cuma

The cave of the Sibyl of Cumae

cave Sibyl CumaeCuman cave Sibyl


The viewpoint of Cumae : the view on the islands of Ischia and Procida

 viewpoint Cumae naples  viewpoint coman


Apollo's temple of Cumae. Also called the lower terrace

lower terrace Cumae temple Appollo  temple Apollo cuman


The Cuman temple of Jupiter. Also called the upper terrace

Cuman temple Jupiter Jupiter temple Cumae

The Greek colony of Cumae

Cumae was a city of the Campania region. It was a historical and cultural city of the ancient world.

It was one of the oldest Magna Graecia colonies, maybe the first one. Founded in the 8th century BC (Maybe in 740 BC) during the Iron age. Then it was abandoned during the Middle Ages, around 1200 AD.

Where are the archaeological excavations of Cumae?

It's located north of Naples, in front of Ischia Island, on the Campania region coast, in the province of Pozzuoli (The Phlegraean Fields). The name of this land came from the Greek meaning: burning land, because there are many hydrothermal phenomena, such as fumaroles and hot springs, because it's a volcanic area.

 

The history of Cumes:

The colonized land was very fertile, and the settlers immediately became farmers.
They were also skilled maritime traders, so their political and economic power grew very quickly. They extended their territory to the Sorrento peninsula: the whole bay of Naples.

The Greek culture developed rapidly:

When the Roman empire conquered Cumae, the Greek gods were incorporated into Roman ones. Roma changed their name: Zeus became Jupiter, Poseidon became Neptune.

The legend of the Sibyl of Cumae

The legend tells de story of Apollo (Greek deity of sun). He was in love with a young virgin: Sybil.The archaeological excavations of Cumae near Naples: The Cave of SibylThe archaeological site of Cumae (Cuma), the Sybil's Cave
He would have liked the young woman became his priestess. In exchange she could have anything she wants.
So she just asked the immortality without the eternal youth. It was a huge mistake.
Over the years she grew older and older and her body becomes weak, tiny and very very used up, until she vanished and just the voice remained. 


How Sybil predicted the future?

Sybil listened attentively the requests from the people. Then She wrote the answers on some leaves that was mixed by the wind created by Apollo.
So as the leaves was shuffled together, Sybil had to interpreted the future.
The people did not always appreciate the response, because it was the word on air  (in English means fallen on deaf ears).

Timeline of Cumae history:

After these dates, Cumae became a quiet and peaceful place, where it became one of the most important Christian centers of the region of Campania.

All the archaeological remains found in this area are exhibited in the archaeological museum of the Phlegraean fields, located in the Aragonese castle of Baia.