Archaeological excavations of Cumae

Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the Cave of the Sibyl
The arches of Jupiter's Temple
The archaeological excavations of Cumae: the view on the coast.
Archaeological excavations of Cumae
The entrance of the cave of Sibyl in Cumae
The Cave of the Sibyl of Cumae
The Byzantine tower of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: Temple of Apollo
The Cumaen temple of Apollo
The sacred way of Cumae
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the sacred way.
The temple of Jupiter in Cumae, also called the upper terrace
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the temple of Jupiter
The paleochristian tombs
Archaeological excavations of Cumae: the temple of Jupiter
The baptismal font of the temple of Jupiter in Cumae
Forum of Cumae (in the lower city)
Thermal bath of Cumae
Local market of ancient city of Cumae
The necropolis of Cumae
Mausoleum of necropolis of Cuame
Necropolis of Cumae, another mausoleum
Necropolis of Cumae

The archaeological excavation of Cumae.

The excavation of Cumae, the vestiges of ancient of colony of Magna Graecia (VIII century B.C.). From the myth of the Sibyl to what remains today.

The areas to visit of the excavation of Cumae:


Archaeological excavations of Cumae, how to get there.

The closing time change every month. Please check the follow timetable.

With the Circumflegreo Ticket (valid 2 days) you can visit all following asites:

Tel: +39 081 804 04 30

The Acropolis of Cuma

The cave of the Sibyl of Cumae

Cuman cave Sibyl

The viewpoint of Cumae : the view on the islands of Ischia and Procida

 viewpoint cumae naples  

Apollo's temple of Cumae. Also called the lower terrace

lower terrace Cumae temple Appollo  

The Cuman temple of Jupiter. Also called the upper terrace

Cuman temple Jupiter Paleochristian tombs of excavation of Cumae

The history of Cuma, a Greek colony

Cumae was a city of the Campania region. It was a historical and cultural city of the ancient world.

It was one of the oldest Magna Graecia colonies, maybe the first one. Founded in the 8th century BC (Maybe in 740 BC) during the Iron age. Then it was abandoned during the Middle Ages, around 1200 AD.

Where are the archaeological excavations of Cumae?

It's located north of Naples, in front of Ischia Island, on the Campania region coast, in the province of Pozzuoli (The Phlegraean Fields). The name of this land came from the Greek meaning: burning land, because there are many hydrothermal phenomena, such as fumaroles and hot springs, because it's a volcanic area.


The history of Cumes:

The colonized land was very fertile, and the settlers immediately became farmers.
They were also skilled maritime traders, so their political and economic power grew very quickly. They extended their territory to the Sorrento peninsula: the whole bay of Naples.

The Greek culture developed rapidly:

When the Roman empire conquered Cumae, the Greek gods were incorporated into Roman ones. Roma changed their name: Zeus became Jupiter, Poseidon became Neptune.

The legend of the Sibyl of Cumae

The legend tells de story of Apollo (Greek deity of sun). He was in love with a young virgin: Sybil.The archaeological excavations of Cumae near Naples: The Cave of SibylThe archaeological site of Cumae (Cuma), the Sybil's Cave
He would have liked the young woman became his priestess. In exchange she could have anything she wants.
So she just asked the immortality without the eternal youth. It was a huge mistake.
Over the years she grew older and older and her body becomes weak, tiny and very very used up, until she vanished and just the voice remained. 

How Sybil predicted the future?

Sybil listened attentively the requests from the people. Then She wrote the answers on some leaves that was mixed by the wind created by Apollo.
So as the leaves was shuffled together, Sybil had to interpreted the future.
The people did not always appreciate the response, because it was the word on air  (in English means fallen on deaf ears).

Timeline of Cumae history:

After these dates, Cumae became a quiet and peaceful place, where it became one of the most important Christian centers of the region of Campania.

All the archaeological remains found in this area are exhibited in the archaeological museum of the Phlegraean fields, located in the Aragonese castle of Baia.