St. Elmo fortress (or St. Castle) in Naples
Brief history of St. Elmo Castle (en italian Castel sant' Elmo) since it was just a watchtower, in 10 century C.A. to the present day.
Address: Via Tito Angelini, 22 - 80129 Napoli
GPS coordinates to reach the Castle: 40.845023, 14.238870
GPS coordinates to reach the parcking at 200 meters from the Castel sant' Elmo:
Opening hours: everyday 8.30 a.m. - 7.30 p.m. ; last admission 6.30 p.m.
Price ticket: € 5 - Reduced ticket: € 2,50
Office secretary Tel: +39 081 229 44 49
Ticket office Tel: +39 081 558 77 08
Website: Polo Museale campania
The Castel sant' Elmo is a medieval fortress. It's located on the Vomero hill. Precisely in largo San Martino. From this square there is a breathtaking view of the city of Naples and his Gulf.
On the wall of the castle above the drawbridge there is the Royal Arms of Charles V of Habsburg king of Naples from 1661 to 1700: The Hasburg double-headed eagle.
The firsts historical references of the castle date back to 1275 C.E.. Do not know the date of construction, but during the period of Norman domination (1137 C.E.- 1194 C.E.), they built a tower called Belforte on the top of the church of St. Erasmus of the X century.
This place was chosen because it was the highest point in all city. From there it was possible to overlook the entire golf of Naples. So it was possible avoit enemy attacks.
In 1325 Charles I of Anjou has decided to expand this tower.
In 1343 The works were completed, becoming a real square fortress.
Later the castle was besieged several time by French and Spanish for contending the kingdom.
During the Spanish Vice-Kingdom, exactly between 1537 and 1547 C.E. the castle was rebuilt and expanded. Taking the appearance that we can see now: 5-pointed and placinf on the wall above the drawbridge the Royal Arms: The Hasburg double-headed eagle.
In this period the name of the castle was changed. At the beginning the name was St Erasmo, then St Ermo and then finally to St Elmo.
Between 1599 and 1610 C.E. it was again restored again: a bolt of lightning struck the church, the military quarters and the castle building.
From that moment untill 1952 The castle was a prison.
In 1976 it was restored again.
In 1982 it was given to the Superintendency for Artistic and Historical Heritage of Naples.
Now in the castle there are exhibitions and events.
It's possible visit the parade ground where there's a splendid breathtaking view of the city of Naples, his Gulf and the islands of Capri, Ischia and Procida.