The Mount Vesuvius
Brief history of the the Mount Vesuvius since the first eruption in 79 Ad, untill the last one in 1944
WEB SITE of the Ente Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio:
Contacts: +39 0818653911
Once you have parked your car, to reach the crater you must walk for 1 kilometer taking an uphill climb (around 30 minutes walking).
From the Naples city if we look towards the east we can see 2 big mountains. That's a volcanic complex of Somma-Vesuvius. But everyone knows him as mont Vesuvius, the volcano. It's the symbol of the Neapolitan city and dominates the entire Gulf of Naples.
History of Mount Vesuvius: The destruction of Pompeii
The volcano is 1281 meters high and it's among the most famous in the world for destroying with a very powerful eruption in 79 A.D., the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabia and Oplontis.
The day of the eruption is the 24th August. We know the date because it was found a lecter wrote by a roman magistrate (Plinio the younger), addressed to the Senator Publius Cornelius Tacitus. That's the way the eruption is also colled Plinian eruption.
The eruptive activity lasted for almost 25 hours. The eruption started from a caldera located in the lower part of the volcano. That's why the inhabitants were caught off guard: they didn't think that it was dangerous.
All the Pompeii's streets was submerged by a rain of ash and lapillus. So all escape routes was gone.
In Herculaneum there was a different situation: the wind carried hot gases, ashes and water vapor, so the people died instantly. The city was submerged by a rain of ash and lapillus that arranged a layer of more than 10 meters.
The archaeological excavations in Herculaneum begun in 1738, while those of Pompeii begun in 1748. Both excavation are wanted by Charles of Bourbon King of Naples and King of Sicily. The discoveries found during excavations are exhibited in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples.
Afterwards there were others 3 eruptions: in 472, in 1036 (that was the first phenomena with an eruption during which magma is emitted in the form of lava flows and the coast increased about 600 meters), in 1500, in 1631, in 1906 and the last one in 1944.