The archaeological park of Baia

Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: la villa dell' Ambulatio o zona di passaggio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: il castello di Baia visto dalla villa dell' Ambulatio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: la villa dell' Ambulatio o zona di passaggio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: villa dell' Ambulatio e i resti ritrovati nel porto di Baia
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: villa dell' Ambulatio e i resti ritrovati nel porto di Baia
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: il portico della villa dell' Ambulatio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: il portico della villa dell' Ambulatio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: villa dell' Ambulatio e i resti ritrovati nel porto di Baia
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: villa dell' Ambulatio e i resti ritrovati nel porto di Baia
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: il portico della villa dell' Ambulatio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: il portico della villa dell' Ambulatio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: la villa dell' Ambulatio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: il portico della villa dell' Ambulatio
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: la zona della Sosandra
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: la zona della Sosandra
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: la zona della Sosandra
Il gatto, foto concessa dal sig. Antonio, dipendente del parco archeologico delle terme di Baia
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: La statua del dio Mercurio nella zona della Sosandra
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: la zona della Sosandra
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: le piccole terme
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: le piccole terme
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: le piccole terme
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: le piccole terme
Il parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: le piccole terme
Il Parco archelogico delle terme di Baia: la zona della sosandra
Il Parco archeologico delle terme di Baia: l'albero sottosopra
images/joomlaplates/Articoli/1200x900/Campi Flegrei/Parco archeologico delle terme di Baia/57 - Terme di Baia

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The archaeological park of Baia: the thermal baths of the ancient colony of Rome.The archaeological park of BaiaThe archaeological park of Baia

  • ADRESS: via Sella di Baia, 22– 80070 Bacoli (NA)
  • GPS coordinates to reach the archaeological park:
    40.818411, 14.069249
  • OPENING HOURS:
    9 a.m. - un hour before sunset
  • CLOSED ON MONDEY
  • TICKET: € 4
  • REDUCED TICKET: € 2
  • CIRCUMFLEGREO TICKET: € 8
  • REDUCED CIRCUMFLEGREO TICKET: € 4

The circumflegreo ticket allows you to visit: the Flavian Amphitheater, the Aragonese Castle of Baia (with the archaeological museum inside the castle), the Archaeological Park of Baia and the archaeological excavations of Cuma.

On the Baia hill, in the Phlegrean Fields, there is the archaeological park of the Roman Baths of Baia, with the ruins of ancient residences in a Huge spa complex that dates back to the period from 1st century BC to the beginning of the III century AD.

We are in a volcanic area with many natural hot springs. These places at that time were relax and holidays destination for the Roman nobility and aristocracy.

Today we can only see the archaeological remains found on the hill, because bradyseism has lowered the ground level near the sea and the coast is now submerged by the waters. Under the sea there is still most of the ancient city, the roman port which in the first century BC connected Rome with the ancient east: Portus Julius.

The excavations in the thermal park (on the hill) began in 1941.

VILLA DELL' AMBULATIO 

Villa ambulatio (from latin means passageway)Villa ambulatio

Immediately after the ticket office, the first architectural complex of the park that we can see is the "Villa dell ’Ambulatio" (from Latin means passageway), it is the passage area.

 The reticulated work (Opus reticulatum)operara reticolata romanaYou can immediately notice the technique that the Romans used for masonry buildings: the reticulated work (Opus reticulatum). Wedge-shaped tuff blocks with a square base were used.

This part of the complex includes the entrance hallway (also called the second terrace of the Ambulatio), where once there was a porch (the cryptoporticum)with its pillars joined togheter by arches. Now we can see only a small part of it.
In this area there are also some of the remains were found in the port of Baia. From here, with your back to the ticket office and looking to the right you can see the ancient Roman residences and on the top level there is the first terrace of the Ambulatio.

This part of the complex includes the entrance hallway (also called the second terrace of the Ambulatio), where once there was a porch (the cryptoporticum)with its pillars joined togheter by arches. Now we can see only a small part of it.
In this area there are also some of the remains were found in the port of Baia. From here, with your back to the ticket office and looking to the right you can see the ancient Roman residences and on the top level there is the first terrace of the Ambulatio.

Going down the stairs again we find another level, where there are the remains of two rooms and at the end a fifth terrace of the Ambuolatio.

Going to the lower level we find the sixth terrace of the Ambulatio (a driveway with a hedge just on one side). This is the last part of the Ambulatio area and the beginning of the garden.

 

THE SOSANDRA SECTOR.

The Sosandra sector (the roman deity protector of men)The Sosandra sector

This area is on the top just after the criptoporticum (secon terrace). Sosandra is a roman deity protector of men. This is the central part of the complex of the Roman baths of Baia with the 2 flights of stairs on both sides.This area covers the upper level until we reach the ground (down the stairs).
NIn the upper part of this area the statue of the goddess Sosandra has been found, now on it's exhibited at the archaeological museum of Naples. In the upper side of this area there are 2 most important remains of rooms: one with its mosaic, unfortunately with a poor state of preservation. In the other room (the Balneum) the are various decorations that we can see on the walls and ceiling.
The entire structure of the Sosandra was built in various stages and is composed of 4 terraces one above the other, where the servants' area is at the top. Going down a level you can see several rooms, a living area that overlooks the lower level. It is composed of porch: the Nymphaeum theater with a round basin in the center.
Going to the lower and last level we can see the Natatio, a large square swimming pool, but it is also thought to have been a garden surrounded by arcades.

 

THE SMALL NATURAL SPAS (PICCOLE TERME)

The small natural bathsThe small baths

In the upper area after the cryptoporticus, passing the Sosandra thermal baths we arrive to the small baths, where there are the remains of thermal rooms: Steam baths (Laconicum), warm and hot rooms.
Here we also find a cold area (the frigidarium).

The Romans were real geniuses of architecture. At that time They were able to canalize the natural springs from the basement level to the top storeys.


THE VENUS SECTOR AND THE ADRIAN'S SPA

The sector of VenusThe Venus area

This area is located below, below the level of the small spas. To reach it, just go down the entire flight of stairs between the small spas and the Sosandra sector. Once down you must go to the right and we reach this area.
Here you can see a small exedra-shaped area(semicircular) with 2 columns, next to it there are some mosaics in a state of fair preservationand.
Walking in the same direction we arrive where there are the remains of Adrian's Spa (at the time they too were powered by natural springs from the subsoil).

In the same area but outside the fenced area of ​​the archaeological park there is the temple of Venus. It has an octagonal shape with eight large windows in the shape of a arcs. It was a spa with a large swimming pool inside.

 

SECTOR OF MERCURY - THE TEMPLE OF MERCURY
Sector of Mercury (god of commerce, eloquence and thieves)Sector of Mercury

In this area of ​​the archaeological park of Baia we can find huge thermal space, a large dome with a very strong echo: the temple of Mercury.
Here we can immediately see some arches come from the soil. These were the entrance of this spa. The whole complex has changed a lot over the years: The ground level, where we walking on, in the past was a few meters lower.
Its shape resembles that the Pantheon in Rome. In fact the shape is that of a dome with 4 windows and a hole in the center on the ceiling. It was probably an indoor swimming pool or a frigidarium. The state of conservation is very poor, but you can still see the signs of the marble cladding on the walls and probably they arrived up to the loculus (the central hole on the ceiling). There also was a coating of mosaics that reflected the light of the sun that entered from the tall.

THE TEMPLE OF DIANA

The sector of Diana (roman goddes, patroness of the countryside, hunters, crossroads, and the Moon)The sector of Diana

It was also a spa facility, located outside the complex. It has an Ogival shape (pointed arch), in other words a pointed dome. It collected the vapors from the soil.
To reach it you have to exit the archaeological park and turn right. walking for a few meters you will find stairs on the right. walking down and you will find the temple in front of you.
The structure that we see today is not the same as one time: now only half of it remained.

Video terme di Baia. Fonte youtube (canale YouTube: Salvatore Mangiapia)Video terme di Baiavideo dall'alto delle terme di Baia (Canale YouTube: Lux in fabula)Terme archeologiche di baia : il videoTerme archeologiche di baia: 3D Street view di Google. Visibile solo da computer.Terme archeologiche di baia

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